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Shock State Cardiac Output/Stroke Volume Systemic Vascular Resistance Conventional Preload Measures (CVP/PAOP) Stroke Volume Variation/Pulse Pressure Variation
Cardiogenic Low High High Low
Distributive (Sepsis) Variable pre-resuscitation/ High adequately resuscitated Low Low High pre-resuscitation/ Low adequately resuscitated
Hypovelmic Low High Low High
Obstructive Low High High High

Table 4: Expected changes in static and dynamic hemodynamic measures for the shock states.